NTGreek Lessons > Phonology > Lesson 5: Consonants, Vowels, and Diphthongs (Module C)

5.0  Introduction, 5-1
5.1  Breathing Marks, 5-2
5.2  Syllabification, 5-4
5.3  Accents, 5-12
5.4  Punctuation, 5-19
5.5  Transliteration, 5-20
Study Guide, 5-22

Lesson Five concludes an introductory five-part study of Greek phonology. This final lesson focuses on the vowel sounds, including the separate vowels and diphthongs and their phonetic relationship with words beginning with other vowel sounds, and several editorial diacritical phonetic markings associated with vowels and diphthongs. Numerous helpful MP3 audio files span this lesson, including a study guide which integrates the principles presented in this lesson. Further study aids are also available (see below).


Click on the above link to download Lesson 5. Additional study aids for Lesson 5 may be viewed and/or downloaded (see below).

Study Aids

The following individual study aids are designed to reinforce the material presented in Lesson Five by making new material familiar, and familiar things new. An answer key is provided where necessary. The different levels represent an escalating level of difficulty. It is recommended to begin with the least difficult exercises under Level One and proceed through Level Three to receive maximum benefit from these resources. All PDF links open in a new window.

redsquare Study Guide Answer Key [studyguideanswerkey.pdf] Instruction
This is the answer key for the lesson's Study Guide. It is important to answer all of the lesson's exercises before consulting the answer key. SA 5:1-10
redsquare Reading Recognition 1 [readingrecognition1.pdf] Exercise
Recognition of accents and breathing marks in short words are covered. Knowledge of Greek vocabulary is not necessary. SA 5:11-12
redsquare Reading Recognition 2 [readingrecognition2.pdf] Exercise
The exercise tests the recognition of accents and breathing marks in longer Greek words than in Reading Recognition 1 (above). Greek words with all capital letters are also used. SA 5:13-14
redsquare Let's Read Greek! [letsreadgreek-1.pdf] Exercise
The NTGreek excerpt is from John 1:1-18. The instructor's reading cadence is a little slower than normal. SA 5:15-18
redsquare Transliteration 1 [transliteration1.pdf] Exercise
This exercise lends practice transliterating from Greek to English. SA 5:19-20
redsquare Quiz -1 [quiz-1.pdf] Test
Forty-five multiple choice and true or false questions that strategically focus on the Greek breathing marks, accents, and syllabification. SA 5:21-30
redsquare Reading Recognition 3 [readingrecognition3.pdf] Exercise
Longer Greek words with either small or capital letters are included in this exercise that tests recognition of accents and breathing marks. Knowledge of Greek vocabulary is not required. SA 5:31-36
redsquare Let's Read Greek! [letsreadgreek-2.pdf] Exercise
The reading excerpt is from 1 John 1:1-4. SA 5:37-38
redsquare Crossword Puzzle [crosswordpuzzle.pdf] Exercise
Most of this lesson's techinical terms are used to form a crossword puzzle. SA 5:39-40
redsquare Transliteration 2 [transliteration2.pdf] Exercise
The words used in this exercise generally are more challenging than Transliteration 1 (above). SA 5:39-40
redsquare Quiz - 2 [quiz-2.pdf] Test
This demanding quiz is divided into three parts. The first and second parts each have twenty multiple choice and true or false questions respectively. The third part has thirteen fill-in the blank statements. This quiz strategically focuses on syllabification and the Greek diacritical marks. SA 5:43-54
redsquare Phonological Comprehensive Examination [examination.pdf] Examination
The comprehensive examination tests over the first five lessons. Many wish to know if they have retained the necessary information that is necessary to proceed forward and delve further into New Testament Greek. This is the purpose for this comprehensive examination. If you are fearful of taking this examination, first take it as “open book.” In this instance, you may use any lesson material (except for the study guides) to help in answering the questions. After a few days, take the examination again as “closed book.” After all, the purpose of studying New Testament Greek is to learn how to read the Greek New Testament. An answer key is provided at the conclusion of the examination. SA 5:55-80
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NTGreek In Session: Lesson 5
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