NTGreek Lessons > Phonology > Lesson 4: Consonants, Vowels, and Diphthongs (Module B)

4.0  Introduction, 4-1
4.1  Phonetical Classification of Consonants, 4-1
4.2  The Nine Stop Consonants, 4-3
4.3  The Continuant Consonants, 4-8
Study Guide, 4-16

Lessons One and Two introduced the sight and sounds of the twenty-four Greek alphabetical letters. Lesson Three further laid the foundation for Greek phonology with introductory terminology concerning the seventeen Greek consonants, the seven vowels, and eleven diphthongs. Building on this foundation, Lesson Four organizes the seventeen Greek consonants into their two basic phonetical classifications, the stop and continuant consonants.


Click on the above link to download Lesson 4. Additional study aids for Lesson 4 may be viewed and/or downloaded (see below).

Study Aids

The following individual study aids are designed to reinforce the material presented in Lesson Four by making new material familiar, and familiar things new. An answer key is provided where necessary. The different levels represent an escalating level of difficulty. It is recommended to begin with the least difficult exercises under Level One and proceed through Level Three to receive maximum benefit from these resourses. All PDF links open in a new window.

redsquare Study Guide Answer Key [studyguideanswerkey.pdf] Instruction
This is the answer key for the lesson's Study Guide. It is important to answer all of the lesson's exercises before consulting the answer key. SA 4:1-8
redsquarePhonetic Letter Recognition [phoneticletterrecognition.pdf] Exercise
Sixteen Greek letters and combination of letters are listed in the left-hand column. The object is to find the closest appropriate phonetic sounding English letter or letter combination from the four choices given. SA 4:9-10
redsquare Consonant Quiz [consonantqiz.pdf] Test
Twenty-seven true or false questions over general knowledge of New Testament Greek consonants. SA 4:11-14
redsquare Phonetic Letter Group Recognition [phoneticlettergrouprecognition.pdf] Exercise
The exercise is divided into two parts. First, eighteen Greek letter combinations are listed in the left-hand column. The object of the exercise is to find the closest appropriate phonetic sounding English letter combination from the four choices given. Part Two is the reverse of part one. SA 4:15-18
redsquare Word Search Puzzle [wordsearchpuzzle.pdf] Exercise
Have some fun and find some of this lesson's technical terms in a grid of letters. SA 4:21-22
redsquare Crossword Puzzle [crosswordpuzzle.pdf] Exercise
Most of this lesson's techinical terms are used to form a crossword puzzle. SA 4:21-22
redsquare Matching Proper Names [matchingpropernames.pdf] Exercise
Sixty Greek proper names (proper names, places, and titles) are listed in the left-hand column. They are to be matched with their English counterpart listed in the right-hand column. Knowledge of Greek vocabulary is not necessary to do this exercise because many proper names are transliterated into English. SA 4:25-28
redsquare Quiz [quiz.pdf] Test
Twenty-three questions cover the essentials of Lesson Four. The quiz has both multiple choice and true or false questions. SA 4:29-34
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NTGreek In Session: Lesson 4
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