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NTGreek Lessons > Morphology > Lesson 9: First Declension Masculine and Contract Nouns

LESSON 9
9.0  Introduction, 9-1
9.1  General Observations, 9-2
9.2  Flow Chart, 9-3
9.3  Alpha 1 Masculine Nouns, 9-4
9.4  Alpha 2 Masculine Nouns, 9-8
9.5  Ēta 1 Masculine Nouns, 9-12
9.6  Ēta 2 Masculine Nouns, 9-19
9.7  First Declension Contract Nouns, 9-21
9.8  Declension-Paradigm Notation, 9-24
9.9  Overview of Paradigms, 9-26
Study Guide, 9-31
Synopsis

Including proper names, NTGreek contains two hundred and ten masculine nouns that belong to the first declension. As to be expected, masculine nouns of this declension display different singular case endings than those of feminine nouns in the same declension. These differences and their paradigms are the primary focus of this lesson. At the conclusion of the lesson, a study guide integrates the principles presented in this lesson.

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Click on the above link to download Lesson 9. Additional study aids for Lesson 9 may be viewed and/or downloaded (see below).

Study Aids

The following individual study aids are designed to reinforce the material presented in Lesson Nine by making new material familiar, and familiar things new. An answer key is provided where necessary. The different levels represent an escalating level of difficulty. It is recommended to begin with the least difficult exercises under Level One and proceed through Level Three to receive maximum benefit from these resources. All PDF links open in a new window.

LEVEL ONE
redsquare Study Guide Answer Key [studyguideanswerkey.pdf] Instruction
This is the answer key for the lesson's Study Guide. It is important to answer all of the lesson's exercises before consulting the answer key. SA 9:1-10
redsquare Vocabulary Practice [vocabularypractice.pdf] Work Sheets
Practice writing the new lesson vocabulary words on these pages. SA 9:11-16
redsquare Vocabulary Paradigms [vocabularyparadigms.pdf] Instruction
All the vocabulary nouns for Lesson Nine are declined. The master case ending charts for these nouns is also included in this instructional paper. SA 9:17-32
redsquare Correct Article [correctarticle.pdf] Exercise
Choose the correct article from four choices in the left-hand column that matches the declension of several Greek nouns in the right-hand column. Care must be exercised to distinguish between the first declension feminine genitive singular and the accusative plural. SA 9:33-34
redsquare Same Case and Number [samecaseandnumber.pdf] Exercise
Match the key word in the left-hand column with other words in the same case and number in the right-hand column. More than one correct answer is possible. SA 9:35-36
redsquare Case and Translation [caseandtranslation.pdf] Exercise
Choose from several Greek inflected words that match the English translation. SA 9:37-38
redsquare Quiz [levelonequiz.pdf] Test
Ten true or false questions tests over general morphological concepts concerning first declension masculine nouns. SA 9:39-40
LEVEL TWO
redsquare Missing Letters [Audio PDF] Exercise
Fill in the missing vowel or vowels and consonants in words from the lesson’s vocabulary. A working knowledge of the lesson's vocabulary is mandatory. SA 9:41-42
redsquare Vocabulary Study [vocabularystudy.pdf] Exercise
The vocabulary exercise is straightforward and covers all Greek vocabulary contained in the lesson. Memorization of Lesson Nine's vocabulary is necessary to complete this exercise. SA 9:43-46
redsquare Crossword Puzzle [crosswordpuzzle.pdf] Exercise
Technical terms and transliterated vocabulary words from Lesson Nine and previous lessons were used to construct this puzzle. Eighteen clues help to solve the puzzle. This puzzle was designed with the aid of Discovery Education. SA 9:47-48
redsquare Read and Translate [readandtranslate.pdf] Exercise
This exercise instructs how to translate the different cases as they interrelate with one another. The exercise contains eighty short phrases divided into two columns: a Greek phrase in the left-hand column and the English translation in the right-hand column. SA 9:49-52
redsquare Quiz [leveltwoquiz.pdf] Test
Twelve multiple choice questions tests over general morphological concepts concerning first declension masculine nouns. SA 9:53--58
LEVEL THREE
redsquare Substitution [Audio PDF] Exercise
In this exercise, one listens to eight actual NTGreek phrases, then decides which word from a multiple choice selection belongs in the blank. SA 9:59-62
redsquare Lexical Form [lexicalform.pdf] Exercise
Give the correct article, accented lexical entry, abbreviated genitive singular, and declension-paradigm notation for all inflected nouns in the list. SA 9:63-64
redsquare Let's Read Greek [letsreadgreek.pdf] Exercise
Several verses from NTGreek are read by the instructor. For instructional purposes, the cadence of reading is slower than normal. SA pagination is not associated with this exercise.
redsquare Mind Bender [mindbender.pdf] Exercise
In this difficult exercise, choose the noun or nouns that match the gender, number, and case as the key word. More than one match may be possible. SA 9:65-66
redsquare Quiz [levelthreequiz.pdf] Test
This demanding quiz is divided into three parts: Greek-English vocabulary, multiple choice questions, and true or false statements. SA 9:67-78
redsquare Comprehensive N-1D First Declension Masculine Noun List [n-1d.pdf] Instruction
This comprehensive list of first declension masculine nouns whose nominal stems end with alpha sigma and the abbreviated genitive singular -ou belongs in an appendix. However, because they were covered in this lesson, they are included here. Noun frequency of occurrence in NTGreek is also included in this study in parenthesis. SA 9:79-80
redsquare Comprehensive N-1E First Declension Masculine Noun List [n-1e.pdf] Instruction
This comprehensive list of first declension masculine nouns whose nominal stems end with alpha sigma and the abbreviated genitive singular alpha, belongs in an appendix. However, because they were covered in this lesson, they are included here. Noun frequency of occurrence in NTGreek is also included in this study in parenthesis. SA 9:81-82
redsquare Comprehensive N-1F First Declension Masculine Noun List [n-1f.pdf] Instruction
This comprehensive list of first declension masculine nouns whose nominal stems end with ēta sigma and the abbreviated genitive singular -ou, belongs in an appendix. However, because they were covered in this lesson, they are included here. Noun frequency of occurrence in NTGreek is also included in this study in parenthesis. SA 9:83-86
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Last Update: April 15, 2014
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