NTGreek In Session is a course in progress that prepares anyone yearning to read the Greek New Testament. It is being prepared for young and older adults who may not have
the ability to receive instruction at a university, Bible college, or seminary. Anyone who has an average intelligence may participate, no matter what age. Many home schools
with teenagers find the course materials beneficial because of the prepared study aids that accompany every lesson.
All course material is offered by supported web pages and Adobe Acrobat PDF documents. The Adobe Acrobat Reader software
is free and allows all major computer platforms to view, edit and print these files. All PDF links open in a new window. The introductory lessons have accompanying MP3 audio files. Although
the SPIonic Greek font is embedded in all necessary PDF files, it may be required to view properly on your
computer platform. It too is free to download. The lessons are not available in other formats, such as CDs, DVDs, etc. The most current lessons and supporting materials are always
available from the server.
There are extended study aids available for each lesson. The study aids are located on each lesson's web page under three levels of difficulty. They reinforce the material
presented in the lessons. An answer key is provided when necessary. It is recommended to begin with the least difficult exercises in Level One and proceed through Level Three to receive
the maximum benefit from the available resources.
All lesson materials are best viewed by Google Chrome. Unlike several other internet web browsers
(IE immediately comes to mind), the Google Chrome web browser for the most part is W3C
CSS compliant. Please do not contact me to report a problem unless you are using Google Chrome as your web browser.
Table of Contents
The following Greek lessons are those presently available. In addition to these lessons, complimentary study aids are available, including further instructional materials, tutorials,
exercises, quizzes, and comprehensive examinations.
This short introduction describes the phonemic system, Greek font, course deployment, and the course numerical structure used in NTGreek In Session.
The Greek Alphabet (Module A)
Lesson One introduces the sight and sounds of the twenty-four Greek alphabetical characters. These same letters are further developed in later lessons in combination with one another.
Learning New Testament Greek begins by correctly pronouncing and writing the Greek characters.
It is suggested before beginning with Lesson 1 that you should first read Why Study NTGreek?
and Lesson 0
The Greek Alphabet (Module B)
Lesson Two examines the similarities and dissimilarities between the Greek and English alphabetical letters and their phonemes to aid between what is known (English) and what is new (Greek).
Sights and Sounds of Words (Module A)
Lesson Three lays the foundation for the student's consistent and proper phonetic pronunciation of Greek words. Phonics is the study between letters and their speech sounds.
It may also be thought as the letter-to-sound relationships in a language. It is a very helpful method of learning to pronounce the correct sound with the letter or letter combinations
they represent. Phonics is to the letter-to-sound relationship in words as a written musical note is to its corresponding instrumental sound.
Sights and Sounds of Words (Module B)
Lesson Four focuses on the seventeen Greek consonants. The consonants may be best learned by understanding their relationship to one another in several ways. Perhaps the most functional
phonetic classification is according to what speech organ (throat, teeth and lips) is used in their pronunciation. In this lesson, the seventeen Greek consonants are studied and divided into
two broad categories: the nine stops and the twelve continuants. These two broad categories are again subdivided according to the nature of the sound and vocal organs used in producing them.
Sights and Sounds of Words (Module C)
Lesson Five concludes an introductory five-part study of Greek phonology. This lesson focuses on the vowel sounds, including the diphthongs and their phonetic relationship with words
beginning with other vowel sounds, and several editorial diacritical phonetic markings associated with vowels and diphthongs.
Second Declension Nouns (Module A)
Lesson Six begins a multi-part series exploring the Greek inflected nominal system. Greek nouns, adjectives, pronouns and pronominal adjectives share inflectional characteristics and
patterns, and so constitute the nominal system, as do participles in several respects. The verbal system will also be introduced in this series of lessons, but not fully developed until later.
It is essential to gain a thorough familiarity with the full range of nominal morphological forms in order to be proficient in NTGreek.
Second Declension Nouns (Module B)
Lesson Seven continues the study of the Greek nominal system as it relates to second declension nouns. Lesson Six laid foundational basics concerning Greek inflection as it pertained
to masculine nouns in this declension. Lesson Seven continues with second declension nouns, examining feminine and neuter nouns. Because this is the final lesson in second declension nouns,
an extensive review is included.
First Declension Nouns (Module A)
Nouns belonging to the first declension are introduced. Nouns of this declension will also have different paradigms as they inflect for case, gender and number. However, the pattern of first
declension noun endings will differ from those of the second declension. There are eight paradigms in the first declension. However, only three of these eight paradigms will be examined
in this lesson, with the remaining five to be studied in Lesson Nine.
First Declension Nouns (Module B)
Including proper names, NTGreek contains two hundred and ten masculine nouns that belong to the first declension. As to be expected, masculine nouns of this declension display different
singular case endings than those of feminine nouns in the same declension. These differences and their paradigms are the primary focus of this lesson.
The basis of a word’s accent is regulated by principles of intonation. Knowledge of accents will consistently help to pronounce a word properly. In other instances, accents aid
to distinguish between words or cases. To learn NTGreek effectively, the ear and voice need to carry as much of the burden as possible, and not only the eye.
Review of First and Second Declension Nouns
The purpose of this lesson is to condense and refine the essential information by the formulation of rules required to understand first and second declension nouns, and summarize
fundamental morphology concerning these declensions. Six of eight noun rules are presented in this lesson. The last two rules pertain to third declension nouns, and therefore will be reserved
until these nouns are studied.
Lessons Six through Eleven focused on nouns, specifically first and second declension nouns. Nouns name or designate a person, thing, or quality and form the nominal nucleus of a language.
However, if it was not for another vital part of speech, the adjective, nouns would lack vividness as to definiteness, shape, size, quantity, color, and texture. Adjectives are a very
important part of speech that describe nouns that otherwise would be general or bland.
Pronouns: Personal (Module A)
The personal pronoun is one of nine classes of pronouns in NTGreek that comprise more than eight percent of all words in NTGreek. The other eight classes of pronouns are demonstrative,
relative, indefinite, interrogative, possessive, reciprocal, reflexive, and negative. After the article, the personal pronoun paradigms are the most important to memorize.
Pronouns: Demonstrative (Module B)
This lesson targets the demonstrative pronouns: some of "this" and some of "that." Like personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns are used frequently in NTGreek.
With each new part of speech learned and every vocabulary word mastered, the goal grows increasingly closer. The big picture is to learn NTGreek; the difficult intermediate step is
to become skilled in the Greek nominal inflectional system of which demonstrative pronouns, like other pronouns, form an integral part of NTGreek.
Pronouns: Reflexive, Reciprocal Pronouns, and Possessive (Module C)
Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns, and possessive adjectives bring our formal study of first and second declension inflectional forms to an end. Although relative pronouns also
share these declensional forms, they will not be introduced until dependent clauses are studied. Other pronouns are patterned after third declension nouns. These too will be studied
in a future lesson after third declension nouns and adjectives are introduced.